King George V was formally proclaimed the Kaiser-I-Hind (King Emperor of India) before an audience of 80000 at Burari Maidan, Delhi and became the master of 31.5 crores of subjects in British India which included the territories of modern day Pakistan and Bangladesh.
The Emperor announced without consulting with the British Parliament that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta to new city to be built up near Delhi. New Delhi was built on the southwest of Shahjahannabad, the capital of Mughal Emperors from 1658 to 1739 and finally inaugurated on February 13, 1931.
Though it was claimed that new capital was built on administrative reasons, the critics attributed this as a political vengeance on the part of the King as they had to withdraw the decision of partitioning Bengal and miserably failed to tackle growing revolutionary activities. However, the British could divide Bengal by fanning communalism in 1947.
Shifting of capital from Calcutta to New Delhi resulted flight of huge capital and decadence in trade, commerce and industries in Bengal whereas partition of Bengal not only caused loss of huge track of fertile farming land, natural resources but also made Bengal politically and economically dependent on New Delhi, otherwise Bengal could have been the largest state of free India having highest nos of Lok Sabha seats and to rule India.
LET US NOT FORGET THESE TRAGEDIES INFLICTED UPON THE BENGALI NATION BY THE VIDESHI AND DESHI CONSPIRATORS… THIS TRADITION IS STILL ON…
– Sukhendu Sekhar Ray