The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, or the ‘Saubhagya’ scheme

Saubhagya Scheme

Despite knowing the fact that it’s been over 125 years when the light bulb was invented by famous scientist Thomas Alva Edison, still it is very unfortunate that more than 40 Million households are without power in India.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while addressing a gathering recently, stressed on “Power for All” and said ‘We will make electricity so cheap that only the rich will burn candles” highlighting that it is unfortunate that many households are lit with the help of lanterns. After Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), one of the most ambitious projects of the government went huge success benefited to families below poverty line; Modi Government focused on “Power for All” and have launched one more ambitious scheme for poor. The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana or Saubhagya Yojana was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi  with an objective of providing electricity connections to all 40 Million left-out families by December 2018.

Under the scheme poor households that have no access to electricity will be provided electricity connections free of cost.

Ujjwala Yojana Most Successful Scheme of Modi Government:

Ujjwala Yojana in which government has provided free gas connection to the poor was the one of the major reason behind grand victory of Vidhan Sabha election in one of the important state like Uttar Pradesh. After massive success of Ujjwala Yojana, now the government intends to electrify all the villages by the end of December 2018 with the total investment outlay of Rs 16,320 crore.

Ujjwala Yojana one of the most successful schemes of this government brought for the welfare of poor. India has become world’s second largest LPG importer, a position that was previously occupied by Japan. China remains as the world’s top importer. According to Petroleum Planning & Analysis Cell, LPG imports in the country has increased 23% during the financial year 2016-2017 to about 11 million tonnes. The main reason behind the increase in the consumption of LPG in India is due to the two government schemes coupled with free gas connections. From May 2016, the government is providing free cooking gas connections to women from extremely poor households, to reduce the use of polluting fuels such as wood and dried cow dung. This has increased India’s active LPG users to about 200 million, which is 60% more than Japan’s entire population
Difference between two governments and their Policies:

One side people of India have witnessed the 10 years long Congress government led by an Accidental Prime Minister Manomohan Singh and a Super Prime minister Sonia Gandhi, which is known for its massive corruptions under the leadership of greatest economist of India, whereas same country also witnessing the Modi Government who claims to be government of poor, government of farmers and brings many schemes one by one for the citizen of this country for welfare of society. People understanding very well the differences between these two governments’ policies and these schemes will surely play big role in the 2019 General Election in the favour of BJP and Modi.

The industry estimates suggest that implementation of ‘Saubhagya’, the newly launched scheme to electrify all villages, could lead to an additional demand for 25,000 MW of power, which is about 7 percent of India’s current installed power capacity of 3,29,000 MW.However, under the scheme the poor families will be provided electricity connections free of cost, other families will pay Rs 500 only, which shall be recovered by the DISCOMs (Distribution Companies) /Power Departments in 10 installments along with electricity bills.

4 crore left-out families under Saubhagya will increase the electricity requirement by 28,000 MW or 80,000 million units in a year. “Under the PM Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya), every household in the country will be given an electricity connection. No price will be charged for the poor to get an electricity connection and the government will go to their houses to give them the connection,” PM Modi said on September 25 evening.

What is the Saubhagya Scheme?

The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, or the ‘Saubhagya’ scheme, launched by Mr. Modi aims to make electricity accessible to every household by the end of 2018. Rs 16,000 Crore Rupees, poor households that have no access to electricity will be provided electricity connections free of cost.

Why was it launched?

Despite the government’s aggressive village electrification programme, the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana launched in July 2015, under which 78% of 18,000 villages have been electrified, it was realised that the problem of electricity ‘access’ wasn’t resolved. A village is declared to be electrified if 10% of the households are given electricity along with public places such as schools, panchayat office, health centres, dispensaries and community centres. With a large number of household still remaining without access to electricity, the scheme aims at ensuring the coverage of households as opposed to only villages.

How will it work?

It was seen that the electricity distribution companies (discoms) don’t want to supply to the villages even if the electrification has taken place. By providing electricity access to all households with prepaid and smart meters, demand will be created which in turn will force the distributor companies to supply to these villages. This scheme will help India, the world’s third-largest energy consumer after the US and China, to meet its global climate change commitments.

Things to know about the Saubhagya Yojana:-

– The Saubhagya scheme basically means Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana
– The Saubhagya scheme aims to provide electricity to all families in India
– The Saubhagya scheme will provide free electricity connection to poor families of India
– Under Saubhagya Yojana, Other families will pay Rs. 500 only, which shall be recovered by the Distribution Companies in 10 instalments along with electricity bills.
– The total cost of Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana is Rs 16,320 Crore
– The amount will be funded largely by Centre Govt.
– Saubhagya Yojana will give access to electricity to all ‘willing’ household
–The scheme will help India to substitute kerosene for lighting purposes.
–Saubhagya Yojana will also help in improving education, health, connectivity with the multiplier effect of increased economic activities and job creation.

Statastics Courtesy –



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